The use of IT-systems in traffic is called Smart Mobility. The increasing vehicles on the road makes it necessary to better manage and monitor traffic flows. Smart and connected systems offers new possibilities and applications for safe and efficient traffic flow, while minimizing CO2 emissions and improving air quality.
A system that can operate completely without an operator, is an autonomous system. The system is programmed to perform a specific task, considering all environment factors. Take for example the autonomous (self-driving) cars. The car is capable of sensing its environment and moving safely with little or no human input.
The concept of factories in which machines are augmented with wireless connectivity and sensors, connected to a system that can visualize the entire production line and make decisions on its own.
Internet of Things
The Internet of Things is a system of interrelated computing devices, mechanical and digital machines, objects, animals or people that are provided with unique identifiers and the ability to transfer data over a network without requiring human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction.
The theory and development of computer systems being able to perform tasks requiring human intelligence normally, such as visual perception, speech recognition, decision-making, and translation between languages.
Smart logistics makes supply chains more effective and efficient at each step. With connected devices in the supply chain and intelligent asset tracking tools, smart logistics brings end-to-end visibility and improves the way companies transport goods, control inventory and mobile assets, replenish stock, and manage the retail experience.